Genoese fortress. An object of cultural heritage of federal significance. The building of the former Padishah-Jami mosque houses the Museum of the Sudak Fortress historical and architectural reserve. Sudak is located on the south-eastern coast of Crimea, in the valley of the Sudak River on the shores of the bay of the same name, 42 km south-west of Feodosia. The Byzantines called the city – Sugdeya, the Genoese – Soldaya, in ancient Russian sources – Surozh, the Ottomans – Sudak (translated from Turkic, water + mountain forest).
Sudak Valley is bounded from the west by Krepostnaya Mountain, from the east by Cape Alchak, and from the north it is closed from cold winds by mountains covered with beech and oak forests, as well as pine forest belts. To the east is the arid Kapselskaya Valley. The climate of Sudak is arid and mild, without sharp fluctuations in temperature with the longest swimming season in the Crimea from early June to mid-October. Here is the only place in the Crimea with beaches of quartz sand. Over 200 thousand people have a rest at the climatic seaside resort every year.
The composition of the urban district of Sudak (32.6 thousand) includes 16 settlements, including the village of Novyi Svet, the village of Solnechnaya Dolina and others.
For centuries, Sudak was owned by Polovtsy, Byzantines, Golden Hordes, Genoese and Turks. The exact date of the foundation of the settlement and the construction of the Sudak fortress has not been established, its initial creation is attributed to the Alans, Khazars, Byzantines or Jews (Karaites?). In the 6th century, by order of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I, a fortress was built in Sudak. The Byzantine literature monument “The Life of St. Stephen of Sourozh” describes the capture of Sourozh in the late 8th or early 9th century by Russians. The great Russian army under the command of Prince Bravlin took possession of the city where, according to legend, he had to be baptized in the local St. Sophia Church. Since that time, Christianity began to spread among the ruling elite of Kievan Rus.